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What is bone graft placement?

A bone graft is the addition of bone, or bone-like material, to increase the volume of bone in the jaw.  A major concern when placing a dental implant is ensuring that there is sufficient bone around it in height, width, and depth. If there is not enough bone to completely envelope the implant, a bone graft will be required.

Why would a bone graft be necessary?

A bone graft can create a more solid base for a dental implant. If your jawbone isn’t thick enough or its density is too soft, bone grafting is needed before you can have dental implant surgery. That’s because the powerful chewing action of your mouth exerts great pressure on your bone. If it can’t support the implant, the surgery likely would fail.

What is involved in a bone graft procedure?

Demineralized, sterile human bone granules that look like coarse sand are packed into the tooth socket immediately following tooth extraction. The granules are covered with a protective collagen membrane and a couple of stitches are used to close the tooth socket. Sometimes a little bit of the patient’s own bone is preferred in this procedure to ensure better results. If your own bone is used, it will be taken from another area of the jawbone, usually near the wisdom tooth area. It may take several months for the transplanted bone to grow enough new bone to support a dental implant. In some cases, only minor bone grafting may be required, which can be done at the same time as the implant surgery. The condition of your jawbone determines how to proceed.