What are partial dentures?
Partial dentures are used when one or more natural teeth remain in the upper or lower jaw. A removable partial denture or bridge usually consists of replacement teeth attached to a pink or gum-colored plastic base, which is sometimes connected by metal framework holding the denture in place in the mouth. A fixed bridge replaces one or more teeth by placing crowns on the teeth on either side of the space and attaching artificial teeth to them. This “bridge” is then cemented into place. Not only does a partial denture fill in the spaces created by missing teeth, it prevents other teeth from changing position. A precision partial denture is removable and more natural-looking, using internal attachments rather than clasps to attach to adjacent crowns.
Why are they necessary?
As mentioned in the discussion on complete dentures, the spaces where there are missing teeth must be filled in order to chew food, which is vital for sustaining life.
What is involved with a particle denture?
Following the initial exam and discussion, teeth impressions are made, before the dentist records the way you bite your teeth together. A special machine—an articulator, acts like your jaw so that your teeth bite can be observed. This helps ensure that the denture will fit accurately and that the bite on both the natural and artificial teeth will be correct. The impressions and bite recordings are then sent off to the lab, where the design of your denture takes place. Some adjustment may be necessary when the partial dentures return to be placed.
Caring for your dentures:
Care of new dentures is essential for long wear. Here are a few tips to help preserve them:
- Clean your partial denture each day. Take the partial out of your mouth and rinse off food particles. Wet the brush and put the denture cleaner on it.
- Brush the denture surfaces gently. It’s best to use a special brush made for cleaning dentures, but a toothbrush with soft bristles will also suffice.
- Do not use toothpaste to clean dentures. Some toothpastes have abrasive particles that can damage the denture base and teeth.
- Keep your partial denture in water or denture soaking solution when not in use.
- Do not let it dry out or the partial can lose its shape.
- Rinse the partial denture well after using any denture cleanser. It may contain chemicals that should not go in the mouth.